For Mexico, it is necessary to support and extend the practice of science because in a world full of uncertainty, only knowledge can prevent the country from falling into the slavery of hunger and disease, as the ‘expressed Mexican physicist El Colegio Nacional and Premio Cronica, Alexandre Frank.

As part of a roundtable titled Why do we want the flag in Mexico? Where also Chronicle Prize co-winners Susana Lizano and Luis Felipe Rodriguez Jorge, Dr Alejandro Frank said that in today’s world the defense of human rationality is fundamental, including a direct attack on the ignorance, pseudoscience and magical knowledge. In addition to demonstrating witchcraft in general, the COVID-19 pandemic makes this even more evident.

“Freedom through knowledge is the motto of El Colegio Nacional and I think that right now, in Mexico and in the world, it is a very important issue,” said Alejandro Frank at the table where William Lee, coordinator of scientific research at UNAM and Catalina Stern, former director of the Faculty of Sciences at UNAM.

The Mexican physicist explained that the biggest difference between humans and other apes is their intelligence, the evolution of intelligence has endowed with evolutionary advantages. “The emergence of consciousness made us wonder for the first time about our origin, each group imagined their own deities and created their own capricious and cruel deities, a vision that has survived to this day in the industry. of the majority of humanity. “

He noted that the defense of human rationality in today’s world is fundamental, including a direct attack on ignorance, pseudoscience, and magical knowledge. In addition to demonstrating witchcraft in general, the COVID-19 pandemic makes this even more evident. He added that despite the countless successes, large sectors, including scientists, continue to demonize science. This is the case with Konsett’s current controversial policy which coincides with this dire vision.

“Science, by giving us knowledge and power over nature, frees us from slavery to the elements of hunger and epidemics, as COVID-19 vaccines so clearly show today. Science has allowed us to observe and understand our universe, to reach the moon, to demonstrate human equality and to ask ourselves what Consciousness is and what is the origin of the universe

Flag of Mexico in the world.

Susana Lisano Soberon, astrophysicist who won the Chronicle 2020 award a week ago, participated in the discussion table and spoke about science in Mexico in relation to the global field. He noted that the country’s federal spending on research and development accounts for 0.3% of GDP, while the average in OECD member countries is 2.4%.

In terms of human capital and scientific output, the Mexican astrophysicist said Mexico ranks last in the OECD with just one researcher per thousand active residents, compared to an average of 8.6 researchers per thousand state inhabitants. members, which is a huge challenge.

According to the specialist, the production of scientific articles in the country is 0.66, which is only higher than that of Argentina, Chile and Colombia, and much lower than the United States which produces in average 16.92. “The areas in which it is produced the most in Mexico are space science, flora and fauna, agriculture, ecology and microbiology.

In addition, Mexico ranks 48th in the Global Competitiveness Index, which measures all of the institutions, policies and factors that influence a country’s economic prosperity. It ranks 55th out of 131 in the Innovation Index, which measures the ability or ability to create new products.

In answering the question why do we want the flag in Mexico? and the global economy. However, there are significant delays and multiple aspects of national life. “

Catalina Stern, former director of the Faculty of Science at UNAM, emphasized that science is not only a body of knowledge, but also a series of practices that expand, organize, verify and refine prior knowledge.

He explained that scientific thinking analyzes, asks questions, reviews and exchanges ideas to re-analyze and verify before proposing them as correct.

In academic terms, to have scientists, you first have to train them. He stressed that science should be taught to everyone from pre-college students to college students, with or without a science career. “Science is for everyone, and when I talk about science, I talk about all sciences, mathematicians excuse me, but they are also included. I am talking about all those who have organized thought and have a process by which they can speak their conclusions.

Luis Felipe Rodriguez Jorge stressed that modern society has many demands. “One thing is to have a large number of high-ranking scientists, and the other is the economic and technological diffusion which encourages science to create jobs and resources. We need more actors to implement things.

He said it was important to understand the difference between what a scientific idea means and what is the potential commercial application. “There’s a really good old saying about it. In technology, once the science part is finished, 99% of the work is wasted. We need a patent, we need legal advice, we need people to invest, we need engineers, we need capital, which is very difficult. In Mexico, we couldn’t combine these things and that’s why people say later: these scientists didn’t solve anything. “

According to the Mexican astronomer and researcher, science is necessary because it strengthens a society that bases its actions on data and not on beliefs or ideologies, which preserve and justify science.

William Lee, coordinator of scientific research at UNAM, defined science as a way of confronting the observation of the world with its explanations, the search for predictive power and redundancy. “It’s self-correcting, it’s incremental, and every once in a while you have to dismantle something we’ve been thinking about and build a capitalist equation. This applies to all branches of knowledge that help us know the world around us and our world.

In the words of the specialist, if the questions are scientific in nature and economic and political power seeks not to question, then there is no harmonious relationship between them.

“It requires a certain level of technology, and there is no way around it to effectively implement a political decision. Each nation had to deal with this in its own way. It seems to me here that we must appreciate a fundamental fallacy and a conflict of origin, if we want to conceptualize a science The state or the flag of the state, it is a contradiction that will never be resolved, it have to live with that. “


The president of the Mexican Academy of Sciences (AMC), Susana Lizano, highlighted one of the biggest obstacles to knowledge transfer in Mexico: the difficulty of patenting. Patents are granted to Mexican researchers more abroad than at home. According to the United Nations Development Program’s Human Development Index, which measures the standard of health, education and living, Mexico ranks 76th out of a total of 189 countries, in terms of its ability to progress in the development.

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