Nestled in the $ 1.9 trillion stimulus package is a provision that makes canceled student debt tax free. This increases the pressure for the president Joe biden at cancel student debt, but it is also a big problem for many borrowers.
The provision, added to the Covid-19 relief bill by Senate Democrats and defended by the senses. Bob Menendez (D-NJ) and Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), indicates that anyone whose student loans are canceled until 2025 will not be subject to taxable consequences. Debt forgiveness is generally considered taxable income, so without it, if someone were to recover some or all of their student debt, it would be accompanied by a tax bill.
While the cancellation of student debt was a fairly marginal idea, it has become much more common in recent years as student debt in America has increased. Currently, some 45 million borrowers owe $ 1.7 trillion in student loans.
Biden backed Congress by forgiving $ 10,000 in student loan debt per individual. However, Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, Warren and Progressive Representatives Ayanna Pressley (D-MA), Ilhan Omar (D-MN), Alma Adams (D-NC) and Maxine Waters (D-CA) have urged the president to set aside $ 50,000 using executive action. Biden said he don’t believe he has authority to cancel student debt.
A big question behind the scenes has been whether, if a pardon occurs, people will face taxes. The stimulus plan removes this obstacle.
While the political impetus to include this tax provision in the relief bill may have been a general forgiveness, it is a solution that many policy experts have long advocated and which they believe needs to be done. be made permanent. Many student loan borrowers have income-based repayment plans where they make repayments on their loans based on their income and then after 20 or 25 years those loans are canceled. Few borrowers have reached that 20 or 25 year limit yet, but if they do, tax-free, they will be taxed.
“Primarily, this was aimed at making a fix that was basically aimed at breaking down this potential obstacle to administrative action on broader debt cancellation… but it has ripple effects that are important,” said Jessica Thompson, vice-president. -Associate President of the Institute for College. Access & Success. “It’s just the right policy.”
The current tax treatment of student loan forgiveness doesn’t really make sense
The tax payable for the remission of student debt was determined in an awkward and uneven manner. Under certain circumstances, the IRS considers canceled loans as taxable income; in others it is not.
Loans canceled under the Public service loan remission program, which cancels debt after people have made 10 years of payments while working in certain public service jobs, are not considered taxable. However, loans canceled as part of an income-based repayment are canceled. Not many people have qualified for forgiveness under these types of programs yet because the programs have not been around long enough, but as more and more people start to qualify, the tax issue looms. .
“We’re still at the very beginning of people entering this time of forgiveness,” Thompson said. “But there are over 8 million people in these plans now, so that number is just going to grow and grow and grow. We will start to see examples of people receiving tax bills.
It’s not hard to see why this would be a problem: Most people who spend two decades paying off loans aren’t high income. “These are people whose balances have gone up because they don’t even earn enough to cover their interest payments,” Thompson said.
the Obama and Asset administrations have both found ways to ensure that canceled loans for people who have gone to colleges that have committed fraud or closed are not taxed. It is likely that the Biden administration would have taken similar steps, but now with the stimulus bill it makes the tax guidance much clearer.
The proposed new rule builds on a tax provision included in the 2017 tax bill that Republicans passed, which tax liability removed for a remission of student debt due to disability or death. It also expires at the end of 2025. Many experts hope this will set a precedent for all student loan forgiveness to be tax-exempt to become permanent law.
It removes a roadblock – and gives Biden a boost
Before the tax fix, some experts believed that the federal government could find workarounds on the tax exemption if he wanted to, although there was little general agreement on the matter. Now Democrats have ended that part of the larger student debt debate.
President Biden has been adamant that he is not interested in canceling student debt himself through executive action and would like Congress to write off $ 10,000 in debt. If Congress were to act, this new provision would apply. But many Democrats are also using it to urge Biden to act on his own and cancel until $ 50,000 in student loans.
Menendez and Warren made it clear after the Covid-19 relief bill was passed that it was about clearing the way for Biden to take action.
3 / Just look at the math. This is a huge win for the millions of Americans burdened with student loan debt – NO SURPRISE TAX BILLS on canceled college loans!
– Senator Bob Menendez (@SenatorMenendez) March 6, 2021
I’m glad my bill with @ SenatorMenendez to make any student loan forgiveness tax free has been included in the COVID relief bill. This paves the way for President Biden to #CancelStudentDebt without imposing thousands of dollars in unexpected taxes on student borrowers.
– Elizabeth Warren (@SenWarren) March 6, 2021
The student debt cancellation debate is not going away and the pressure on the White House to do something is increasing.